How a Heat Pump Cools Your Home

In Kansas City, heat pumps can be a popular option for heating and cooling your home.

They seem very similar to an air conditioner. In fact, they work in a similar fashion during hot weather. Due to a reversing valve, they can transfer warmth in the opposite direction as well as heat your house when it's cold.

Not sure if you have a heat pump or an air conditioner? All you need to do is track down the model number on the outdoor unit and look it up online. If it turns out you use a heat pump, or you’re considering installing one, find out how this HVAC unit keeps houses comfortable.

How Heat Pumps Work

Heat pumps rely on a refrigeration system much like an air conditioner. Most can operate similar to a ductless mini-split, as they can heat and cool. Heat pumps rely on an indoor evaporator coil and an outdoor condensing coil. Refrigerant is sent through these coils to move heat. The outdoor unit also contains a compressor and is enclosed by metal fins that work as a heat sink to help move humidity efficiently.

Summertime Cooling

When your heat pump is set to cooling, the refrigerant starts in the evaporator coil. Air from indoors moves over the coil, and the refrigerant extracts humidity. Wetness in the air also condenses on the coil, dropping into the condensate pan below and drains away. The ensuing cool air flows through the ductwork and back into your home.

Meanwhile, the refrigerant moves a compressor on its way to the outdoor coil. This constricts the refrigerant, causing it to heat up even more. As it moves through the condensing coil, the outdoor fan and metal fins help to discharge heat to the outdoors. The refrigerant moves back into your house, moving through an expansion valve that lowers its temperature it considerably, preparing it to go through the process from the beginning.

When your heat pump is replaced and maintained appropriately, you’ll enjoy efficient cooling similar to a high-performance air conditioner.

Wintertime Heating

When your heat pump is set to heat, the heat exchange process occurs in reverse. By moving in a different direction, refrigerant removes heat from the outdoor air and vents it into your home to warm the inside.

Heat pumps working in heating mode are most efficient when the temperature is above freezing outside. If it becomes too frigid, a backup electric resistance heater turns on to keep your house comfy, but your heating bills increase as a result.

Heat pumps are on longer than furnaces since the air doesn’t get as hot. This helps sustain a more stable indoor temperature. On top of that, because heat pumps shift hot air rather than making it from a fuel source, they can work well above 100% efficiency. You can anticipate 30–40% savings on your heating expenses by installing a heat pump.

Book Heat Pump Installation or Service Right Away

Heat pumps are environmentally friendly and economical. They are a substitute for the regular AC/furnace system and require the same amount of maintenance—one checkup in the spring and another in the fall.

If you’d like to install a heat pump, Neal Harris Service Experts is the Expert to contact. We’ll size and install your system to meet your heating and cooling demands. And then we’ll uphold our installation with a 100% Satisfaction Guarantee* for a year. To learn more, contact us at 816-787-0500 right away.

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